The Township of Woolwich is a rural township in Southwestern Ontario, Canada. It is part of the Regional Municipality of Waterloo, immediately to the north and east of the City of Waterloo. It is bounded by the cities of Kitchener, Waterloo, and Cambridge.
The Township of Woolwich was established in its present configuration by the Regional Municipality of Waterloo Act 1972, which created a regional government structure and established limits of the local municipalities in Waterloo area effective January 1, 1973. Woolwich Township is made up of 10 small communities and a population of 25,000.
The township's three largest settlements are Elmira, St. Jacobs (home base for the national Home Hardware chain) and Breslau, where Region of Waterloo International Airport is located.
With Woolwich's substantial population of Old Order Mennonite families, it is also not unusual to see horse-drawn buggies and farm equipment alongside suburban vehicles.